The well-known Family ROSACEAE consists of these plants.
Scientific name: Rosa
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa. There are over 3 hundred species and tens of thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing, or trailing, with stems that are frequently armed with sharp prickles.
Flowers vary in shapes and size and are typically big and flashy, in colors varying from white through yellows and reds. Most species belong to Asia, with smaller numbers belonging to Europe, The United States and Canada, and northwestern Africa. Ornamental roses have actually been cultivated for centuries, rose fragrances and perfumes are made from rose oil, and roses are periodically made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, mainly for their high vitamin C content.
Scientific name: Prunus dulcis
The almond is a species of tree belonging to Iran and surrounding nations but commonly cultivated anywhere in the world. The almond is likewise the name of the edible and commonly cultivated seed of this tree.
The fruit of the almond is a drupe, including an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, which is not a true nut. The almond is a deciduous tree, growing 4– 10 m.
The flowers are white to pale pink. While the almond is frequently eaten on its own, raw or toasted, it is also a part of numerous dishes, a wide range of timeless sugary foods feature almonds as a central active ingredient such as almond butter, cakes, and puddings, almond cream-filled pastries, cookies, etc.
Scientific name: Malus
Malus is a genus of about 30– 55 species of small deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, consisting of the domesticated orchard apple– also known as the eating apple, cooking apple, or culinary apple.
The flowers may be white, pink, or red. Applewood releases a delightful fragrance when burned, and smoke from an applewood fire gives an outstanding flavor to smoked foods. Apple trees are cultivated around the world and have actually been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe and were brought to North America by European colonists.
Scientific name: Prunus persica
The peach is a deciduous tree belonging to the area of Northwest China. It bears edible juicy fruits with various qualities, a lot of called peaches and others, nectarines. Peaches are not just a popular fruit, but also are symbolic in numerous cultural traditions, such as in art, paintings, and folk tales such as Peaches of Immortality.
Scientific name: Fragaria × ananassa
The garden strawberry is a commonly grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, jointly known as the strawberries, which are cultivated worldwide for their fruit. The fruit is widely valued for its characteristic fragrance, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness.
It is consumed in big quantities, either fresh or in such prepared foods as jam, juice, pies, ice cream, milkshakes, and chocolates. Artificial strawberry flavorings and fragrances are also commonly utilized in products such as sweet, soap, lip gloss, fragrance, and many others.
Scientific name: Prunus cerasifera
It is native to Southeast Europe and Western Asia and is naturalized in the British Isles and scattered locations in The United States and Canada. Wild types are large shrubs or little trees. The cherry plum is a popular ornamental tree for garden and landscaping use, grown for its early flowering.
Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be consumed fresh, while others are sour and better for making jam.