Famous Plants in Family Fabaceae
The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, typically known as the legume, pea, or bean family, is a large and economically important family of flowering plants. It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are quickly recognized by their fruit and their compound, stipulated leaves. Here are given some essential and famous plants of the family Fabaceae.
Scientific name: Pisum sativum
The pea is most typically the little spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit. Each pod consists of several peas, which can be green or yellow. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, because they include seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. P. sativum is an annual plant, with a life cycle of one year.
It is a cool-season crop grown in numerous parts of the world; planting can happen from the winter season to early summer depending upon the area. Peas are commonly used in food. Fresh peas are typically consumed boiled and seasoned with butter. Pea soup is consumed in lots of other parts of the world, consisting of northern Europe, parts of middle Europe, Russia, Iran, Iraq.
Scientific name: Lens culinaris
The lentil is an edible legume. It is an annual plant known for its lens-shaped seeds. It is about 40 cm (16 in) tall, and the seeds grow in pods, generally with two seeds in each. As a food crop, the majority of world production originates from Canada and India, producing 58% integrated of the world total.
In foods of the Indian subcontinent, where lentils are a staple, split lentils (frequently with their hulls eliminated) referred to as daal is often cooked into a thick curry/gravy that is normally consumed with rice or Rotis. Lentils can be eaten drenched, sprouted, fried, baked, or boiled– the most typical preparation technique. The seeds need a cooking time of 10 to 40 minutes, depending on the variety.
Scientific name: Delonix regia
Delonix regia is a species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae belonging to Madagascar. It is noted for its fern-like leaves and flamboyant display of orange-red flowers over the summertime. In lots of tropical parts of the world, it is grown as an ornamental tree.
Delonix regia is endemic to Madagascar’s dry deciduous forests but has been presented into tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. In the wild, it is endangered, but it is extensively cultivated in other places and is regarded as naturalized in much of the areas where it is grown. In addition to its ornamental value, it is likewise a helpful shade tree in tropical conditions, since it generally grows to a modest height however spreads out commonly, and its thick foliage supplies full shade.
Scientific name: Lathyrus sativus
Lathyrus sativus, also called grass pea, cicerchia, blue sweet pea, chickling pea, chickling vetch, Indian pea, white pea, and white vetch, is a bean typically grown for human usage and animals feed in Asia and East Africa. It is a particularly important crop in locations that are prone to dry spells and famine and is considered an ‘insurance crop’ as it produces reliable yields when all other crops fail.
People utilize it as medication. Despite severe safety concerns, Lathyrus sativus is utilized in unleavened Indian bread. Lathyrus seeds are eaten as food and used as animal fodder throughout the world. The flowers of sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) are grown for their color and scent.
Scientific name: Clitoria ternatea
This plant is native to equatorial Asia, including areas in South Asia and Southeast Asia however has actually likewise been presented to Africa, Australia, and the Americas. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves. It grows as a vine or climber, succeeding in moist, neutral soil. The most striking feature about this plant is the color of its flowers, a vibrant deep blue; solitary, with light yellow markings.
Some ranges yield white flowers. It is grown as an ornamental plant and as a revegetation species. In Southeast Asia, the flower is utilized as a healthy food coloring to color glutinous rice and desserts. In traditional medicine, it is ascribed numerous qualities including memory enhancing, nootropic, antistress, anxiolytic, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, tranquilizing, and sedative properties.