**Vernier Calipers**

Vernier Calipers are tools that acquire that much-required precision. The Vernier scale was developed in 1631 by French mathematician Pierre Vernier to get dimensions a lot more precisely than a typical measuring range.

Vernier ranges can be used on microscopes, stereotaxic frameworks, and micromanipulators. These calipers come useful in gauging the diameter of round objects. Their circular jaws fit firmly on either side of the circumference of round objects.

Vernier calipers have two types of scales- a fixed main scale as well as a moving Vernier scale. The main scale is generally in millimeters or 1/10th of an inch. Vernier calipers score well over common rulers since they can determine precise readings up to 0.001 inches. Vernier scales are utilized together with the Vernier calipers for exact and precise measurements.

**Vernier Reading:**

Vernier reading is the smallest measurable range caught by a Vernier caliper. It is also described as the “Resolution” of the Vernier caliper.

**Zero Error and Zero Correction**

To find the zero error, shut the jaws of Vernier Calipers gently. If the zero line of the vernier range coincides with the zero of the main scale then the zero error is zero. Zero error will certainly exist if the zero line of the vernier scale is not coinciding the zero of the main scale.

Zero error will certainly be positive if the zero line of the vernier scale gets on the right side of the zero of the main scale and it will be negative if the zero line of the vernier scale is on the left side of zero of the main scale.

**Taking a Reading on Vernier Calipers**

Let us find the size of a solid cylindrical object by using Vernier Calipers. Place the solid cylinder in between the jaws of the Vernier Calipers. Shut the jaws till they push the contrary sides of the object delicately.

Keep in mind the total divisions of the main scale past the vernier scale zero in a tabular form. Next, locate the vernier scale division that is coinciding with any kind of division on the main scale. Multiply it by the least count of Vernier Calipers as well as include it in the main scale reading.

This is equal to the diameter of the solid cylinder. Add zero correction (Z.C) to get the right measurement. Repeat the above method as well as record at the very least three readings with the solid cylinder displaced or rotated each time.

**Least Count**

The difference between one small division on main scale division and one vernier scale division is 0.1 mm. It is called the least count (LC) of the Vernier Calipers. Least count of the Vernier Calipers can also be found as given below:

L.C = 0.1mm or 0.01 cm