Common Skin Diseases in Humans
Skin conditions differ significantly in symptoms and severity. They can be short-lived or long-term and maybe pain-free or unpleasant. Some have situational causes, while others might be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be deadly.
The most common skin problem can have some symptoms that are similar, so it is important to understand the distinctions between them. So here is the list of some common human skin diseases.
Acne, the most common skin disorder, can be a source of anxiety for every teen. Plus, the incidence of acne is growing in adults, too. Acne is triggered by obstructed hair follicles and oil (sebaceous) glands of the skin, typically caused by hormone changes.
The term acne describes not just pimples on the face, however blackheads, cysts, and blemishes also. Some people get acne on other parts of their body too, such as the back and chest.
The extremely contagious herpes simplex virus (HSV), is the most common cause of cold sores. Cold sores appear as a cluster of blisters on the lip or mouth, are not serious, and tend to clear within two weeks. HSV carriers need to avoid contact with others during a cold sore breakout.
The affected area will often tingle or burn before the aching shows up. Breakouts may also be accompanied by moderate, flu-like symptoms such as low fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes.
Hives are scratchy welts that are raised up from the regular layer of the skin. They might be caused by an allergic reaction in the body or outdoors factors, such as stress, health problems, or even tight clothing. Hives are treated with antihistamines and preventive practices.
A blister, which is also called a vesicle by medical professionals, is a raised part of the skin that is filled with fluid. Blisters can be triggered by friction, infection, or, in uncommon cases, a skin condition.
Blisters are often annoying, agonizing, or uncomfortable. But for the most part, they aren’t a symptom of anything major and will heal with no medical intervention.
The skin problem rosacea is most frequently associated with inflammation. Nevertheless, there are subtypes that trigger other symptoms too: Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea causes the typical redness, visible capillary, and flushing.
Ocular rosacea can trigger red and inflamed eyes, inflamed eyelids, and symptoms that look like a stye. Papulopustular rosacea triggers inflammation, swelling, and is accompanied by breakouts that appear like acne.
The condition is frequently found in babies and young kids, though it continues into the adult years as well. Symptoms consist of rashes on the face, scalp, behind the elbows, or on the neck, wrists, ankles, or legs. The rashes are very scratchy and may become rough, change color, or thicken. In grownups, the rashes might cover more of the body, triggering extremely dry skin that is permanently itchy.
There is no known remedy for eczema. It either cleans up on its own or the signs are treated with medications and creams to apply on the skin.
Keratosis pilaris is a minor condition that triggers little, rough bumps on the skin. These bumps generally form on the upper arms, thighs, or cheeks. They’re normally red or white and don’t harm or itch. Treatment isn’t needed, but medicated creams can improve skin appearance.
The typically raised bumps on the skin known as warts are actually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts are infectious and can appear on any part of the body.
Common warts generally grow on the hands, feet, and joints, though they can appear anywhere. They often disappear by themselves, though unsightly warts can be treated with liquid nitrogen or medicated creams or rarely by minor surgery of the affected area.
Contact dermatitis is among the most typical occupational illnesses. The condition is often the outcome of contact with chemicals or other annoying products.
These substances can trigger a reaction that triggers the skin to become itchy, red, and swollen. A lot of cases of contact dermatitis aren’t serious, however, they can be rather itchy. Topical creams and preventing irritants are typical treatments.