Mass Measuring Instruments


Pots were used to measure grain in various parts of the world in ancient times. Nonetheless, balances were likewise in use by Greeks and Romans. Beam balances were frequently utilized and are still in operation at many places.

In a beam balance, the unknown mass is placed in one pan. It is stabilized by placing known masses in the other pan. Today people use many kinds of mechanical and digital equilibriums. You could have seen electronic balances in grocery store shops.

These are more accurate than the balance of beam balances and are simple to deal with.

Physical balance

A physical balance is used to measure the mass of several objects by comparison. It includes a beam resting at the center on a pivot. The beam carries scale pans over the hooks on either side.

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An unidentified or unknown mass is positioned on the left scale pan. Find some appropriate common masses that create the pointer to remain at zero on raising the beam.

Lever Balance


A lever balance consists of a system of levers. When the lever is lifted putting the object in one scale pan and also standard masses on the other scale pan, the pointer of the lever balance relocates. The pointer is brought to zero by differing standard masses.

Electronic Balance

Electronic Balance can be found in different ranges; milligram, gram, and kilograms range. Before determining the mass of an object, it is turned on as well as its reading is set to zero.


The next step is to place the object which is to be evaluated. The reading on the balance offers you the mass of the body placed over it.

The Most Accurate Balance

Let us find out which of them is the most accurate one by examining instances of one rupee coin. The mass of one rupee coin is done utilizing various balances as given below:

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Beam Balance

Let the balance determines the coin’s mass = 3.2 g

A sensitive beam balance may have the ability to detect a change as small as 0.1 g or 100 mg.

Physical Balance

Let the balance measures the coin’s mass = 3.24 g.

The least count of the physical balance might be as small as 0.01 g or 10 mg. Consequently, its dimension would be much more accurate than a sensitive beam balance.

Electronic Balance

Let us the beam measures coin’s mass = 3.247 g.

The least count of an electronic balance is 0.001 g or 1 mg. For that reason, its dimension would be a lot more precise than a sensitive physical balance.

Thus, electronic equilibrium is one of the most sensitive balances in the above equilibriums.

Accuracy of Balances

The precision of a balance in measuring the mass of an item is different for various balances. A sensitive balance cannot measure large masses. In a similar way, a balance that determines large masses cannot be sensitive.

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Some electronic balances can measure even smaller differences of the order of 0.0001 g or 0.1 mg. Such balances are considered one of the most precise balances.