Dog Rose – Rosa canina

Scientific Name:Rosa canina

Scientific Classification of dog rose
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Tracheophytes
Clade Rosids
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae
Genus Rosa
Species R. canina

It is a deciduous scrambling shrub.

Characteristics of Dog Rose

Size: ranging in height from 1–5 metres


Commonly found in woodlands, grasslands and gardens of Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia.

Flower description:

The leaves are pinnate, with 5–7 leaflets. The flowers vary from pale pink to deep and white pink in colour.It mostly has five petals and stem is covered with small sharp spines.

Mostly appear in June and July. In Autumn, they produce bright red rosehaws eaten by birds.

Importance and Uses:

The fruit is known for its high degree of vitamin C, also can be used to make tea, syrup, and marmalade, and jams. It has been developed or promoted in the wild for obtaining vitamin C out of its fruit (frequently as rose-hip syrup).

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The berry is employed in the manufacturing of pies, stews, and wine. Additionally, it has a significant part in cosmetics, perfume industry, and pharmacology.